Indian Pioneer Papers - Index
History Project for Oklahoma
Date: August 26, 1937
Lillie Loyd (Mrs.)
Post Office: Sulphur,
Date of Birth: September
Place of Birth: Texas
Father: W.O. WALKER
Place of Birth: Missouri
Information on father:
Mother: Katherine RUTH
Place of birth: Texas
Information on mother:
Field Worker: John F.
LIFE OF A PIONEER WOMAN
My parents were W.A. WALKER,
born in 1833 in Missouri, and Katherine B. RUTH WALKER, born in Texas.
I was born in Texas, September
I moved with my parents
to the Territory in 1886, and we settled in Sorghum Flat in the Chickasaw
Nation south of Davis.
I had two brothers teaching
National Schools for the Indians, one on Penington Creek and the other
at Lebanon. I visited Lebanon and Mr. Bird LOWRANCE met me there.
He insisted on having me come to his ranch to teach. This I decided
to do. I taught in a log hut at the head of the large springs on his place.
My term began in February and lasted four months.
This was a subscription
school, each pupil paying a dollar a month to attend. We had a sort of
school board consisting of one man who was my treasurer. Each patron signed
a contract to pay a dollar a month for each child he had in attendance.
This dollar was paid each month to the treasurer, and he in turn paid me.
I had thirty pupils and so I received thirty dollars a month for my services.
I taught the ABCs to my
beginners and they learned to write on a slate from a copy which I made
for them. I taught the older pupils out of any book which they brought
The schools were not graded
and the teachers were not highly educated. In those days one had a good
education if he could read, write and figure.
When my pupils became
unruly I used a dunce cap for punishment and if that was not severe enough,
I used a hickory switch which I kept standing in the corner at the front
of the room.
The boys and girls were
not allowed to sit near each other during school hours, nor play together
on the playground. The boys set on one side of the room, the girls on the
other. At recess the boys had their playground and the girls had
Children were taught to
be very polite and respectful towards grownups. Each morning as they
entered the door they said “Good Morning.” Each evening as they passed
out of the door they said “Good Evening” and they passed quietly away from
the school ground. There was no whooping nor yelling until they were away
Our school was opened
each morning by the reading of a chapter from the Bible and a prayer. Often
Mr. LOWRANCE came and opened the session for me and closed in the evening
with prayer. His home was a gathering place for ministers and he often
brought a preacher to school to talk to the children.
I used a bell as a signal
for the pupils to stand or to sit. They were very obedient and I seldom
had to punish them.
One day we had quite a
bit of excitement when a huge snake crawled across the ground and up into
the corner of the room. I screamed and ran for Mr. LOWRENCE, but the snake
had disappeared when he arrived.
While I was teaching my
first term I met and married J.G. LOYD, who was employed by Mr. LOWRANCE
on his ranch. We were married May 10, 1889. His father, Abner LOYD,
freighted supplies for the commissary for the Santa Fe Railroad crew in
1885. It was on one of these trips that Mr. Abner LOYD was killed.
A train of wagons went
to Denison and his wagon was the first to be loaded. He started back
ahead of the others. They asked him not to but he was anxious to get home,
so he left them. He camped at Tishomingo. He went to the store to get a
few supplies for his supper. There was an Indian there buying a supply
of groceries. His bill came to about eight dollars and the Indian had no
money to pay for it. So the merchant told him he could get his groceries
when he brought the money.
Mr. LOYD gave the merchant
a ten dollar bill and received his change. He went back to his camp, cooked
and ate his supper, and sat down against his wagon wheel to smoke. This
Indian approached from behind the wagon and stabbed him in the back. He
never knew what happened. This Indian robbed my husband’s father, returned
to the store, paid for his groceries and left. The next day about
three o’clock the other freighters in passing noticed Mr. LOYD’s team and
stopped to see about him. They found him dead by the wagon, sitting where
he had been when the Indian killed him. The Indian’s name was GREENMO??.
He was later arrested by Heck THOMAS, taken to Fort Smith and tried. They
found him guilty and he was hung.
In 1873 my husband drove
two thousand, four hundred head of cattle from San Antonio, Texas, through
the Territory over the Chisholm Trail to Ellsworth, Kansas. They grazed
them through and it took about four months to make the trip. One
night while they were crossing the Territory the Comanche Indians stole
all of their horses but one Indian pony. They had thirty-two horses with
There were eight men and
each one had four mounts. They had to go thirty-five miles to a horse ranch
the next day and get thirty-one horses before they could continue their
We have three children
and have lived in Murray County since 1889.
Submitted to OKGenWeb by Gay Wall <firstname.lastname@example.org>